CALLUSES & Corns
Calluses, like corns, are thickened layers of skin. Initially, a hot spot or blister may be present but if the pressure continues, a callus will often form. These lesions will usually form beneath weight bearing, bony segments of the foot. Characteristically this includes the metatarsal heads or ball of the foot, the heel, and the under surface of certain toes.
Bunions are nature’s response to excessive friction and pressure. Not all calluses cause discomfort. A callus may be small, medium, or large in area but thin and diffuse in thickness.
A good clinical evaluation is a primary and highly recommended first line defense in the management of this condition.
Calluses can be effectively dealt with by padding, insoles, and certain types of abrasive treatment procedures. On the other hand, calluses may become deep and punctuate with circular type cores in their center. Various treatment methods are available by the foot specialist that are geared towards re-establishing proper balance and weight distribution. As with many problems of the foot one could try to accommodate these lesions with padding, try to control foot strike and function by an arch supportive device or correct the orthopedic condition that exists.